Guide to Perfect Nutrition for Thoroughbred Foals

Foals are entirely dependent upon their mother’s milk for all nutritional needs up to the age of approximately 5 months old, but their curious natures generally equates to them starting to nibble on grass and feed before they reach weaning age.

Most foals don’t require extra nutrition besides what they receive from their mothers, but it will not harm them if they do nibble on any stud cubes or stud mix supplied for their mothers. The quality of protein in these cubes provide essential amino acids and a good balance of vitamins and minerals, so it’s perfectly healthy.

What and When to Feed Foals

Some foals may require a little bit of extra nutritional help and can be fed small quantities of foal pellets or foal and yearling mix as these products are specifically designed to be fed in small quantities to aid in the healthy development of growing foals.

Foals should generally be introduced to pellets before weaning takes place so that their digestive systems can adapt to the new feeding regime rather than a solely milk-based diet. When considering shows and sales, it may be beneficial to start adding feed at an earlier age to improve growth rates.

Creep Feeding Foals

Some mares may struggle to produce enough milk to feed their foals appropriately and will therefore need extra feed to sustain their own nutritional well-being. Just as free bonuses are helpful for playing at your favourite Canadian mobile casino, your mare may need a nutritional top-up.

In cases such as these, foals will benefit from being encouraged to take feed from a younger age and should be fed small quantities of foal pellets from a feeding trough that the mare is not able to access. Foal pellets are high in protein which supports the rapid growth of foals at this age and it’s important to feed good quality protein as its essential to muscle and skeletal development.

The Dangers of Overfeeding Foals

A careful eye should be kept on thriving foals which seem to be doing particularly well, as surplus feeding may cause them to become quickly overweight.

An overweight foal is at risk of developing problems such as epiphysitis, which is a condition in which extra pressure is put on the growth plates of bones due to the weight of the foal’s body and parts of their body may appear swollen – particularly above the joints.

Studies have shown that foals that are overweight in their formative months may later develop performance diminishing conditions later in life such as exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage and development joint diseases.

Helpful Tips for Appropriate Feeding of Foals

  • A good rule of thumb for stud feeding is 450g per month of age
  • Formulations which are lower in starch may be better for bone development than those high in starch
  • Underfeeding is just as hazardous as overfeeding so if you notice that your foal isn’t doing well on standard stud feed, switch to a low-dose highly fortified stud concentrate.

8 Tips to Caring for a Pregnant Broodmare

Caring-for-a-Pregnant-Broodmare

Caring for a pregnant broodmare is not complicated, but it does require a bit more work and consideration than caring for any other horse.

Following our step-by-step guide should set your mind at ease if your broodmare has never foaled before, but if it any point you’re concerned about your broodmare or her unborn foal, be sure to contact your equine vet immediately.

1. Grazing and Exercise

Your pregnant mare should be housed in a large paddock for grazing and exercise, as this will become her home for the 8.5 months of pregnancy.

Your broodmare should also have constant access to water, shelter, and adequate fencing.

2. Ensuring Proper Growth of the Foal

If your broodmare is not given the appropriate amount of feed, nutrients, and water, the foal may be aborted owing to dehydration.

However, an overweight mare has a higher change of producing a foal with angular leg deformities, so be sure to give your mare light exercise throughout her pregnancy.

3. Vaccination Schedule of Pregnant Mares

Your pregnant broodmare will need to receive the pneumabort vaccination at 5, 7, and 9 months of pregnancy to prevent abortion from rhino. One month prior to the foal’s birth she should dewormed and receive the 5-way spring, rabies, and West Nile vaccinations. Depending on where you live, your broodmare may also require Potomac fever and botulism vaccinations.

4. Appropriate Nutrition

Her feed should consist of forage and foods rich in protein, minerals, and vitamins and a mare of approximately 15 hands should receive 7kg of high quality roughage per day.

It’s not necessary to keep a keen eye on your pregnant broodmare 24 hours a day, but she should be checked daily to ensure that the pregnancy is running smoothly. Don’t worry; you’ll still have time for slots NZ!

5. Feed Proportions

Horse are best described as ‘trickle-feeders’ and should have access to roughage at all times – feed only enough that your pregnant broodmare will eat and walk away.

Try to avoid feeding your pregnant broodmare in the morning and evenings without her having access to anything throughout the day.

If she doesn’t have easy access to pasture, feed her hay in a small-weave net to stretch the feeding time as much as possible.

6. Give Your Broodmare Attention

You should lunge your pregnant broodmare and groom her to ensure good blood flow and circulation. If your broodmare is used to plenty of affection and attention, she is less likely to be aggressive when her foal is born.

Top tip: handling her teats and her underbelly is a good idea as she will be less likely to prevent her foal from feeding if she is used to the sensation.

7. Birthing Preparations

In the last month of pregnancy, move your pregnant broodmare to a smaller yard where she still has freedom of movement, but is more protected.

Her feed should also be increased at this time, but it is not recommended that you add anything new as this could upset her system leading to colic.

8. The Last Stages of Pregnancy

  • 2 weeks before birth: her belly will move from a hanging position to a position filling her flank area
  • 1 week before birth: her udder may increase in size
  • 4 days before birth: the foal will move into the birthing position
  • 24-48 hours before birth: the broodmare’s teats will become waxy, the ‘caps’ may fall off and milk may trickle out

Top tip: you will most likely miss the birth of the foal as it usually takes place in the early hours of the morning between midnight and 5am.

How to Choose the Best Collar for Your Greyhound

 

All domestic animals should wear a collar, whether it is to hold an identification tag, for walks, or simply for decoration – collars come in all shapes and size.

However, if you’ve spent a fair amount of time with greyhounds, you may have noticed that most don’t wear a standard dog collar, but one resembling a thick leather strap.

If you’re considering greyhound adoption, you should consider what kind of collar is appropriate for your new companion.

To Collar or Not to Collar

As greyhounds have elongated necks, a standard dog collar will often slip off or injure the dog if fitted across their windpipe when the greyhound starts pulling on the lead. As such, one of the most important decisions is whether to collar your greyhound when at home.

Many owners fit their greyhounds with loose-fitting collars for wear at home which are slack enough to slip off easily should the collar become hooked on something around the house, while others choose not to collar their greyhounds at all at home.

Whichever you prefer, a collar used for walking must be well-fitted and correctly adjusted to fit snugly on your greyhound’s neck.

A Seamless Size and Fit

Only a properly adjusted collar should be used when walking your greyhound and it should sit higher on the neck than is normally seen in other breeds. Thanks to the greyhound’s large neck and small head, the collar must be a snug fit to prevent your feisty greyhound from getting out of their collar at an inopportune time or dangerous location.

Using a well-fitting colour will put your mind ease and you’ll have more energy for finding top AFL betting tips.

A snug fit can only be achieved by measuring your greyhound’s neck in the area on which the collar will be worn – lower down the neck for a housebound collar and higher up the neck for a walking / running collar.

Choosing-the-Perfect-Collar

Sighthound Collars

Sighthound breeds such as greyhounds, whippets, Salukis, Afghan hounds and Italian Greyhounds all have elongated necks and any owner will tell you that they are quite excitable when it comes to the possibility of chasing any kind of prey that has caught their eye.

This could lead to your sighthound lunging on their lead which could injure their necks if they’re fitted with a narrow collar. Sighthound collars are generally made from leather and are wider in the middle and narrower at both ends to accommodate the buckle.

These wider collars are fitted under the dog’s throat and if they are prone to pulling, the sighthound collar will not put pressure on the windpipe or cut off arterial blood flow.

Haltis

If your greyhound has a high prey drive, is prone to pulling, or is dog aggressive, a halti – also referred to as a Gentle Leader – could be the solution to this problem.

Resembling a horse’s halter, one portion of the halti works as a plain buckle collar worn at the top of the neck, while the second part loops around the greyhound’s muzzle, with the leash attaching to a ring at the bottom of the muzzle loop.

If the greyhound starts to pull on the lead, pressure is applied by the halti to the dogs muzzle and the back of their neck and their head is redirected towards you and away from what they are pulling towards. Haltis afford the best possible control over your pulling greyhound, but there will be an adjustment period so be sure to practise plenty at home before heading outdoors with it.

4 Common Health Issues Found in Greyhounds

Common-Health-Problems-greyhounds

When it comes to breeds like the Greyhound, many people around the world are adamant on keeping their dog’s offspring as pure as possible, which means that crossbreeding is almost entirely unheard of. While this has become more unpopular in recent years, purebred breeding is still fairly common, especially when it comes to Greyhounds.

Whether you are for or against breeding, there are some factors about pure blood breeding that can’t be denied, and one of these is health. In nature, if an animal has a particular health issue, the only way it can be effectively weaned out of the species is through mixed breeding, where the offspring of the parents sometimes won’t inherit the health issue, instead taking genes from the healthier parent.

This isn’t the case when breeding animals, and as such, health issues tend to remain within a family of animals, and in fact, throughout an entire bloodline.

Whether you’ve adopted a Greyhound after seeing it on eSports betting Australia, or want to participate in breeding yourself, these are some of the more common health issues that affect Greyhounds, especially as they get older.

Cancer

This is one that is especially prevalent among Greyhounds, and it’s also often fatal if not caught early.

The most common type if bone cancer, which has led to the death of many Greyhounds. It’s hard to pick up, but signs to look out for include general weakness, increased hunger but loss of weight, and any growths on their body.

If any of these are noticed, the dog should be taken to the very immediately.

Bloat

This is another one that affects many Greyhounds, and is usually found in medium-sized dogs. It’s a gastrointestinal syndrome that causes their stomach to expand with air, which can in turn cause the stomach to twist in on itself.

It’s an extremely serious condition and can usually kill a dog within a few hours. Symptoms include pacing, restlessness, drooling, pale gums, and signs of pain. Surgery is almost always a necessity, and even then, the dog’s chances of survival are often slim.

One reason bloat is so common is because of how the dogs are fed, which is usually from a bowl that’s on the floor. Raising the bowl up with a small table is advised, and allows the dog to eat at a more natural and healthy level.

Heart Problems

Greyhounds tend to have bigger hearts relative to their size, and because of this, they can develop some heart issues. One of these is a heart murmur, as well as elevated blood pressure.

Heart issues in Greyhounds are sometimes misdiagnosed, and it can require taking the animal to a specialized vet in order to deduce exactly what the problem is.

Ex-Racers

As many Greyhounds that are adopted tend to be ex-racers, they may suffer from problems that originate from a life of racing around the track.

Hip, neck, and joint problems are fairly common, and warrant extra care, especially if the dog tends to be older.

Despite their various health problems, Greyhounds are still loving, sweet animals that have a lot to give their owners, and as long as they’re fed well and have regular check ups, most problems can be avoided.

Taking a Greyhound to the Dog Park

Greyhound-Dog-Park

Taking a Greyhound to the park is a great place for them to socialise and to get some exercise especially for dog owners that do not have a yard that is fenced in.

Greyhounds need to walk at least once a day and taking them to the park a few times a week is very beneficial for them.

Greyhounds should not be muzzled at the park if the other dogs are not muzzled.  Introducing a Greyhound to the park should be done slowly and allow them to get to know the other dogs before taking them off their leash and so that both dog and owner can also get to know the etiquette of the dog park.

Make a Friend

On the first trip to the dog park it is a good idea to go with a dog that the Greyhound already knows, possibly the neighbour’s dog.  The dogs should already be familiar with each other and playing together will make it easier when the Greyhound is introduced to other dogs in the park.

Choosing a quiet time in the park is advisable so that they can get used to being in their surroundings. Much like everything from Bitcoin betting to cooking, taking your Greyhound to the park takes time, practice and patience.

Be Alert

Dog owners should always be alert in the park so they should not take anything with them that can be distracting and they should always keep an eye on their dog as things can happen very suddenly with other dogs and owners around.

Unfortunately not all dog owners adhere to the etiquette so it is also important for dog owners to make sure that others also follow the rules.  If things do not go well it may be a good idea to try another park or come back later.

Be Safe and Responsible

Greyhound owners should ensure that their dogs have received all the necessary vaccinations, taking an unvaccinated dog to the park is a recipe for disaster and could infect other dogs in the park.

Owners should also not bring their dog to the park if they are unwell as it may be contagious and bringing a female Greyhound in heat to the park is very irresponsible.

Greyhound owners should not bring their young children with them to the park if they have to supervise them and it is also easy for excitable dogs to knock them over.  Owners need to focus all their attention on their dog.

Taking a Greyhound off their leash is not advisable if they have not yet learnt to respond to voice commands, rather keep them close until they are completely familiar with their new surroundings.

For Greyhound owners who own more than one dog, it is advisable to limit the number of dogs.  Some dog parks will even have a limit.

When at home the Greyhounds will often form a pack and will bring this with them to the park.  This may affect the way that they interact with other dogs and possibly lead to aggressive behaviours.

Greyhounds will feel their owner’s anxiety and owners must be aware of this when letting their dogs socialise.  Meeting new dogs, especially in the beginning can be tricky and owners should take it slowly.

If owners know that their Greyhound is sensitive it is best to pick a quiet time in the park when there are fewer dogs.

Being vigilant and attentive are very important to ensure that not only the Greyhound but also the owner enjoy the dog park experience.

The Breed History of The Greyhounds

History-of-The-Greyhounds

As one of the world’s most famous dog breeds, the Greyhound has gained massive popularity throughout the world. While they were once famed for their roles as hunters, it wouldn’t be until they found themselves on the racetrack did they gain worldwide popularity.

Fast, sleep, and powerful, Greyhounds have ruled the track for the better part of the last two hundred years, and have been a favourite pastime for those that partake in sports betting, an entire industry of its own.

Before they were the modern racers that we know and love so much, the breed was a companion to mankind thousands of years ago. Historians have found traces of Greyhounds in Ancient civilisations all around the world, and, for the most part, the breed has remained unchanged ever since.

Whether it’s an interest in sports betting, online slots real money Canada, or just a simple curiosity for the breed, this is the history of the Greyhound.

Earliest Records

The first of our ancestors to befriend the Greyhound was the Ancient Egyptians. Records have shown that nearly 4000 years ago, the Egyptians had learnt to domesticate the dog, using primarily as a hunting partner, but evidence also suggests that they were loyal pets as well.

Greyhounds were most often associated with the royalty and upper classes of Ancient Egypt, and some mummified Greyhound remains have been found in various Egyptian tombs.

Further down the line in Ancient Greece, the breed was mentioned more than once in Homer’s famous story, The Odyssey. Their predilection as efficient hunting dogs solidified their place at man’s side for the rest of human history.

Greyhounds In The Middle Ages

By the time of the Middle Ages, Greyhounds still featured as popular pets and hunting animals. They could mostly be found among the royalty of the time, and would join them in their hunts, but this wasn’t their only function.

Their association with the upper echelons of society made them a valuable asset for anyone worth their name and money. This is how the breed would remain for the next few centuries.

Industrialisation

It would be around the time that the British first began the age of industry, and the Greyhound still featured prominently among the rich and famous. Their status as a hunter had all but died out, and wealthy businessmen, with plenty of time on their hands, began racing their dogs against each other.

It was friendly at first, and the occasional bet would be made, but for the most part it wasn’t enjoyed on a wide scale.

These same business, however, began to realise the potential of having ordinary people watch and bet on the dog races, and it wasn’t long before their races were made more public, and people were able to take out bets and wagers on their favourite dog.

It was a massive success, and Greyhound racing made its way over the oceans, becoming popular in new countries like Australia and the United States.

Today, Greyhound racing has mostly fallen away, and is line to be banned by most countries around the world. While this has made a lot of people upset, we can still look back at the history of this amazing animal and appreciate just how much it has done for us.

Raw Food Vs. Pellets- What’s Best For Greyhounds?

Raw-Food-Pellets

Like all pets, Greyhounds require a healthy balanced diet and Greyhound owners should always endeavour to feed their pets the best quality food that they are able to afford.

There are many brands on the market, some of these do not provide the nutrition a Greyhound needs.  Some of the cheaper brands may even in some cases endanger the health of your of your pet.

It is recommended that Greyhound owners do no feed their dogs with tinned food as many of them contain fillers that could cause intestinal problems.  A sure sign that a certain brand of tinned food is not working for your dog is that they will suffer from diarrhoea after eating the food and then it is time to stop using that particular brand.

Pet owners should try as far as possible to feed their dogs food that is unprocessed and pure.

A Greyhound with a healthy coat, skin and eyes is a sign that your pet is happy and healthy.  Their coat should be bright and shiny, their skin smooth and healthy and their eyes bright and clear and all of these are a good indication that the dog is in good health.

Greyhounds are known for sleeping for long lengths of time and younger dogs will often have short bursts of energy and enjoy playing.  In order for pet owners to ensure a healthy lifestyle they should use high-quality food that gives their dog all of the nutrients they require for their day.

Limit Intake of Human Food

The food that humans eat and that of dogs are not a good combination and many pet owners make the mistake of feeding their dog’s human food, which is not a good idea and can often have a bad outcome for the Greyhound.

As a treat every now and again human food is fine, but it must be limited and only given in small quantities.  The treat should be pure, properly cooked and should not be seasoned, not be too salty or fatty. Much like when enjoying the eSports betting Australia has to offer, balance is key, and this should apply to every area of your lives too, and your dogs!

There are many Greyhound owners who feel that commercial dog foods contain ingredients that often contribute to health problems such as allergies, cataracts, seizures, infections, skin issues and autoimmune problems.  Many owners have noticed that switching from a commercial diet to a raw diet has sorted out many of these issues.

Dogs will also have less tartar build up and their breath will be improved in many instances.

Recommended Daily Diet

A recommended diet for Greyhounds is around 300 grams of meat each day, but this would depend on the size of the Greyhound.  Greyhound owners should also supplement the meat with vegetables, fish oil and a little dry food; this should be a good quality dry food.

The meat should not be fatty and should be cooked through well.  Any visible fat should be removed as well as any skin on chicken.  All bones should be removed from the cooked meat.

Fruit is a great addition to their diet and is a healthy treat for them.  It is important to remove all seeds, leaves and stems from the fruit.  Vegetables are also an excellent source of nutrients for Greyhounds and are also a good way to give dogs their treats such as carrots, green beans, zucchini and cucumber.

There are some vegetables which should be avoided such as onion, garlic, avocado and raw potatoes.

Greyhound owners should ensure that their pet is give a well-balanced healthy diet to keep them happy and in good condition.

The Greyhound Pet Owner FAQ

Greyhound-Pet-Owner-FAQ

Deciding on whether to bring a dog into your home should be a carefully considered event, not something that happens on the spur of the moment. This is particularly true when it comes to bringing a specific breed into your home such as greyhound.

If you’re trying to decide whether you should adopt a greyhound or purchase a greyhound puppy from a reputable breeder, perhaps this greyhound FAQ will help you decide. However, we must mention that we highly recommend adopting a retired racing greyhound as they make wonderful pets and there are plenty looking for loving homes!

Greyhounds as Pets

  • Do greyhounds make good pets?

Greyhounds make wonderful pets and they are loyal and loving and are the perfect companion for the young and old alike. Greyhounds are gentle, easy going, intelligent, and polite.

  • How fast are greyhounds?

Greyhounds can reach speeds of up to 70kph in two short strides.

  • How old do greyhounds live to be?

The greyhound’s natural lifespan is between 12-14 years.

  • Do greyhounds shed a lot?

Unlike many other dog breeds, greyhounds only have coat of hair which makes them virtually shed-free. They have a short, sleek coat with more oil and less dander which is perfect for allergy sufferers.

The Greyhound Temperament

  • Can I keep a greyhound outdoors?

No, your greyhound should live inside for the majority of the time as their thin skin and slender frame make them unable to withstand outdoor cold or heat for extended periods of time. The perfect companion for while you enjoy online blackjack!

  • Are greyhounds hyperactive?

Quite the opposite actually! Greyhounds are affectionately known as the 70kph couch potatoes. Greyhounds were bred to run very quickly for short sprints so they conserve their energy the rest of the time.

  • Can I take a greyhound jogging?

Your greyhound can be trained to go on walks and runs with you, but it should be a gradual learning experience as it will not be the greyhound’s automatic response.

  • Do greyhounds have to run every day?

Greyhounds enjoy running just like all other dogs, but a leash walk 3-4 times a day will be sufficient. The occasional trip to the dog park will also make them very happy!

  • Can I walk a greyhound without a leash?

For the safety of the greyhound, we must insist that he/she is absolutely never walked without a leash outside of an enclosed area. Their attention could be drawn to an object and their instincts may take over without regard to their general safety. Also keep in mind that a greyhound can run 70kph so they may run for a few minutes and find itself lost and far from home.

  • Are greyhounds good with children?

Greyhounds will be happy amongst children who understand and respect pets and their boundaries.

Retired Greyhounds

  • What type of training will a retired greyhound have?

By the time you adopt a racing greyhound it would have been taught how to walk well on a leash and racing greyhounds are also crate trained.

  • How old is a greyhound when it retires from racing?

Greyhounds are generally between 18 months and 4 years of age when they are retired from racing. However, the average retirement age is approximately 2 years of age.

A Brief Introduction to Equine Therapy

Closeup of three  heads of a horses

Equine therapy, also known as equestrian- or equine-assisted therapy, is a form of treatment that makes use of horses to help promote emotional development.

Equine therapy has proven to be particularly helpful when applied to patients with ADD, anxiety, autism, dementia, emotional and mental developmental delays, Down syndrome, depression, traumatic brain injuries, as well as behavioural issues.

Equine therapy has been recognised as an important area of the medical field in many countries as it has helped to improve the lives of thousands of people around the world.

The Universal Language of Equine Therapy

Not only has equine therapy improved the lives of people living with the conditions listed above, but it is also an effective technique used by many therapists and councillors to educate troubled youth on how to follow instructions and how to react appropriately.

For instance, when starting out with equine therapy, students are tasked with getting the horse to move outside of a circle without even touching the animal.

Many students will try to clap, whistle, or yell but the horse will simply not heed the signal. In this way students, as well as parents and friends who are part of the therapy experience, learn that clapping, forcing, and yelling are not effected ways to get a person to do something.

Why Use Horses for Therapy?

Horses are the most commonly used animal for therapy, but elephants, dolphins, cats, and dogs are also used in many instances, the latter especially for those that are unable to gain access to the outdoors.

However, horses are the most popular as they have the ability to respond immediately to stimuli and given instantaneous feedback to the patient’s action or behaviour.

They may not always be the most feasible option though, and patients are assessed on a case-by-case basis. Just like the way you’d go about getting NRL betting tips may differ to the next persons, each patient has different needs and these must be assessed upfront.

Horses are also able to mirror the emotional state of the patient making them an effective tool of learning. As horses behave similarly to human beings in their social and responsive behaviour, it is at all times easy for patients to form a connection with the therapy horse.

The Therapeutic Benefits of Equestrian Training

When equine therapy is practised correctly by a certified therapist, people with cognitive disabilities, psycho-motor disabilities, and behaviour disabilities show positive results.

Much like physical, occupational, and speech-language therapy, patients with disabilities are assisted by a certified equine therapist to manage their disability, but equine therapy combines all three in a way that doesn’t make patients feel that they are undergoing therapy.

The aim of equine therapy is for patients to:

  • Establish a sense of self-worth
  • Improve communication
  • Establish trust
  • Build self-efficiency
  • Develop socialisation and decrease isolation
  • Learn impulse control
  • Learn emotional management
  • Establish limits and boundaries

Activities Used in Equine Therapy

The activities used in equine therapy are not limited to horseback riding as many patients may feel intimidated or fearful of the horse’s size and may take time to develop a sense of confidence around the horse. As such, included in the equine therapy are lessons on horse care, grooming, saddling, and basic equestrian skills.

The process or techniques applied during an equine therapy session will be dependent on the patient and their type of disorder or the severity, but the primary techniques used by equine therapists are:

  • Cognitive therapy

  • Practising activities
  • Activity scheduling
  • Play therapy
  • Storytelling
  • Talk therapy

It’s important to remember that safety is the primary concern in all equine therapy associated activities and therapist ensure that all patients wear helmets and other protective gear.

6 Easy Steps for Feeding a Pregnant Mare

Pregnant-Mare

There are a multitude of factors that should be considered when deciding to breed a mare. Some of these decisions may take careful consideration, such as which stallion you should use, while others will probably be quick and easy.

One such decision should be how to take nutritional care of your mare as she transitions from one trimester to another, but this doesn’t have to be a complicated process. Use the following 6 guidelines to keep your mare happy and healthy throughout her pregnancy and she is sure to deliver a nutritionally robust foal.

1. Body Condition Scoring

As the mare’s pregnancy advances she will inevitably gain weight, mostly in her abdomen, however key points of fat deposition should remain similar throughout the duration of her development. Ideally a pregnant mare should maintain a moderate to moderately fleshy body condition throughout pregnancy.

If your mare is displaying a body condition of 6 and above this will only add unnecessary weight to her limbs which could be difficult for some.

2. Provide Adequate Vitamins and Minerals

Your mare will require no special upgrade in calories during the first 7-8 months of her pregnancy, but she will require a sufficient intake of high-quality feed to maintain an adequate body condition.

As such, the primary feedstuff should be high-quality forage such as pasture or hay as well as essential vitamins and minerals. Vitamins and minerals can be delivered through a well-fortified textured or pelleted feed specially formulated for pregnant mares.

3. Don’t Overfeed

A common – albeit well-meaning – mistake amongst mare owners is overfeeding during the first 7-8 months of pregnancy. However this is entirely unnecessary and wasteful – rather use the money saved on online slots Canada – as the foetus does not grow at an even rate during pregnancy and most growth occurs in the final 3 months of pregnancy.

As such, the mare’s nutritional and energy requirements do not increase greatly until then. The most important pregnancy management tips are keeping the mare in a moderate to moderately fleshy body condition and supplying adequate vitamin and mineral nutrition.

4. Rethink Energy Levels in Late Pregnancy

Your mare’s energy requirements increase during the last 3-4 months of pregnancy as the foetus grows and it’s important to provide her with high-quality forage on a free-choice basis to add calories to her diet.

Gauge the necessary feed levels through weekly body condition scoring and remember that as the weight of the foetus and fluids increases, the abdomen will drop and gravity will sometimes cause the flesh to pull tightly around the abdomen, allowing a hint of rib to show.

5. Provide Water and Salt, Avoid Fescue

Your mare – as with all horses – should have free-choice access to fresh water and a salt block or loose salt at all times. However, one type of hay or pasture to avoid at all costs is fescue as it is often infected with an endophyte that causes problems in pregnant mares such as prolonged gestation, a lack of milk, and a trying delivery.

As such, it’s important that all bedding is free of fescue as well.

6. Get an Equine Nutritionist

The basics of feeding a pregnant mare are straightforward, but a situation may arise that will require the help of a professional.

As such, it’s a good idea to familiarise yourself with equine nutritionist in your area should you need one.